Terminology

Canter

One of the four natural gaits of a horse. Slower than a gallop, this is a three beat gait. Used in English disciplines

Colt

A young male horse (usually under 4 years of age)

Dam

The mother of a horse

English

A style of riding that includes many sports such as dressage, racing, jumping, combined training, hunter under saddle, hunt seat equitation and more. Characterized by a saddle that is smaller and plainer than a Western saddle with no large pommel or horn

Equestrian

One who rides horseback

Equitation

English (Hunt Seat Equitation) classes in which the rider, not the horse, is judged. The rider must demonstrate good seat and hands, and sufficient management of the horse to perform the required pattern.

Equine

The scientific name for horses

Filly

A young female horse (usually under 4 years of age)

Foal

Young horse or mule of either sex

Gelding

A castrated male horse

Hunter Under Saddle

An English class in which the horse's movement is judged along the rail. The horse is required to walk, trot and canter in each direction. Long, low reaching strides are ideal.

Jack

A male uncastrated donkey

Jenny

A female donkey

Jog

A slow trot, mostly in Western disciplines.

Lope

A slow canter, used mostly in Western disciplines.

Mare

A female horse (usually more than 4 years of age)

Mule

The result of cross-breeding a female horse with a male donkey

Sire

The father of a horse

Stallion

Uncastrated male horse of 4 years or more

Trot

One of the four gaits of a horse. Used in English disciplines

Western

A style of riding that includes many events such as Trail, Western Pleasure, Horsemanship, Western Riding, Reining, Cutting, Roping and many more. Characterized by the larger saddle which includes a pommel and saddle horn.

Western Horsemanship

A Western class in which the rider is judged on their poise, position and seat. Required to complete a pattern provided by the judge.

Western Pleasure

A Western class in which the horse's movement is judged along the rail. The horse is required to walk, jog and lope in both directions. A slow legged, smooth moving animal, which gives the appearance of being a pleasure to ride is ideal.

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